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Foreword to this version of the Ada Reference Manual
The International Standard for the programming
language Ada is ISO/IEC 8652:1995(E).
The Ada Working Group ISO/IEC JTC1/SC 22/WG
9 is tasked by ISO with the work item to interpret and maintain the International
Standard and to produce Technical Corrigenda, as appropriate. The technical
work on the International Standard is performed by the Ada Rapporteur
Group (ARG) of WG 9. In September 2000, WG 9 approved and forwarded Technical
Corrigendum 1 to SC 22 for ISO approval, which was granted in February
2001. Technical Corrigendum 1 was published in June 2001.
The Technical Corrigendum lists the individual
changes that need to be made to the text of the International Standard
to correct errors, omissions or inconsistencies. The corrections specified
in Technical Corrigendum 1 are part of the International Standard ISO/IEC
When ISO published Technical Corrigendum 1,
it did not also publish a document that merges the Technical Corrigendum
changes into the text of the International Standard. However, ISO rules
require that the project editor for the Technical Corrigendum be able
to produce such a document on demand.
This version of the Ada Reference Manual is
what the project editor would provide to ISO in response to such a request.
It incorporates the changes specified in the Technical Corrigendum into
the text of ISO/IEC 8652:1995(E). It should be understood that the publication
of any ISO document involves changes in general format, boilerplate,
headers, etc., as well as a review by professional editors that may introduce
editorial changes to the text. This version of the Ada Reference Manual
is therefore neither an official ISO document, nor a version guaranteed
to be identical to an official ISO document, should ISO decide to reprint
the International Standard incorporating an approved Technical Corrigendum.
It is nevertheless a best effort to be as close as possible to the technical
content of such an updated document. In the case of a conflict between
this document and a Technical Corrigendum 1 approved by ISO (or between
this document and the original 8652:1995 in the case of paragraphs not
changed by Technical Corrigendum 1), the other documents contain the
official text of the International Standard ISO/IEC 8652:1995(E).
As it is very inconvenient to have the Reference
Manual for Ada specified in two documents, this consolidated version
of the Ada Reference Manual is made available to the public.
this version of the Ada Reference Manual
This document has been revised with the corrections
specified in Technical Corrigendum 1 (ISO/IEC 8652:1995/COR1:2000). In
addition, a variety of editorial errors have been corrected.
Changes to the original 8652:1995 can be identified
by the version number /1 following the paragraph number. Paragraphs not
so marked are unchanged by Technical Corrigendum 1 or editorial corrections.
Paragraph numbers of unchanged paragraphs are the same as in the original
Ada Reference Manual. In addition, some versions of this document include
revision bars near the paragraph numbers. Where paragraphs are inserted,
the paragraph numbers are of the form pp.nn, where pp is the number of
the preceding paragraph, and nn is an insertion number. For instance,
the first paragraph inserted after paragraph 8 is numbered 8.1, the second
paragraph inserted is numbered 8.2, and so on. Deleted paragraphs are
indicated by the text This paragraph was deleted.
Deleted paragraphs include empty paragraphs that were numbered in the
original Ada Reference Manual.
for this version of the Ada Reference Manual
The editor [R. Brukardt (USA)] would like
to thank the many people whose hard work and assistance has made this
Thanks go out to all of the members of the
ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 22/WG 9 Ada Rapporteur Group, whose work on creating
and editing the wording corrections was critical to the entire process.
Especially valuable contributions came from the chairman of the ARG,
E. Ploedereder (Germany), who kept the process moving; J. Barnes (UK)
and K. Ishihata (Japan), whose extremely detailed reviews kept the editor
on his toes; G. Dismukes (USA), M. Kamrad (USA), P. Leroy (France), S.
Michell (Canada), T. Taft (USA), J. Tokar (USA), and other members too
numerous to mention.
Special thanks go to R. Duff (USA) for his
explanations of the previous system of formatting of these documents
during the tedious conversion to more modern formats. Special thanks
also go to the convener of ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 22/WG 9, J. Moore (USA),
without whose help and support the corrigendum and this consolidated
reference manual would not have been possible.
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